How about public art??
Buildings towering above the clouds, roads stretch like veins, thousands of people and thousands of vehicles, flashing billboards and colorful neon signs, city night views collapsed and dense apartment windows…this is what we know well The face of the city.
Cities are magnificent creatures that combine economy, mass media and growth, bringing life to life by proliferating cells of various needs. However, at first glance, human and cultural expressions appear on the face of this fetishist creature. Add a new atmosphere by drawing sculptures, performances, and murals on the walls of the park square.
Chicago’s multicultural and racial coexistence is renowned for over 700 public arts and architecture cities such as “Picasso”, “The Four Seasons”, “Cloud Gate” and “Marina City Tower”. “Public art is a community art based on relationships between people,” said Mary Jane Jacobs, professor at the Art Institute of Chicago.
In 2004, two 16-meter-high pieces of video art were built in Millennium Park in Chicago. This public art piece is called the “Crown Fountain” and is part of the Chicago Department of Culture’s Public Art Program. The total production cost is $17 million. Jaume Plensa is a world-renowned contemporary artist from Barcelona, Spain. He was created based on the master plan and design.
If you are also interested in industrial property rights related to art, please refer to the following article.
Public art is an important subject in the art world and community today.
“Architectural Art System” refers to Article 9 of the Culture and Arts Promotion Act, and those who wish to construct a building of a certain size or larger shall install art works using an amount corresponding to a certain percentage of the construction cost or install them at the Cultural Art Foundation. Donation system. Currently, the Enforcement Decree of the Culture and Arts Promotion Act stipulates that 0.7% of the construction cost is used for art works of buildings (including apartments) of 10,000 m2 or more. Hence, it is also called “percentage method”.
Based on the general perception that there is no separation between life and art, local governments support art, and art actively cooperates with local governments to build a comprehensive city image and use urban space aesthetically. In the past, creating a city plan to create the city you want to live in was a way to improve the quality of life by creating cultural spaces and aesthetic production infrastructure. Urban development policies are changing.
Public art, in line with urban development strategies and public welfare policies of new requirements, emerges as a new art form and meets the motto of “Culture for All” (Hilmar Hoffmann).
He broke up with modernism, which focused only on the formal beauty of the work itself, and began to say that art had nothing to do with the environment and social responsibility.
Criticizing the museum, also known as the product of aesthetic conquest, shows the desire and glory of power, and uses only the artistic elite with artistic knowledge and aesthetics as objects of appreciation. Because the collections of many of the world’s major museums and galleries often receive predatory cultural properties.
In addition, due to the lack of understanding of public art propaganda and spatiality, the works of famous artists are preferred or works with a unified tendency are placed in succession. There is also a case of injury.
However, public art broke the difference between fine art and popular art by breaking away from this high-walled museum and replacing it with urban squares and rural open spaces. Public art works uploaded from the museum’s white walls and high pedestal were voted prestigious “Don’t Touch”, allowing the public to enter for free. As beautician Hilde Hein put it, “The essence of art is propaganda.” Art is free from transcendence and clothing that has been used for years to discuss whether it is appropriate.
However, public art prior to the 1970s did not completely eliminate modernist aesthetics. A prime example is the Chicago Picasso (1967), installed in Chicago, USA. Created by world-renowned painter Picasso, it quickly became a symbol of Chicago with a familiar image reminiscent of the painter’s fame and baboons. However, this work is an abstract work created by mixing the images of Picasso’s wife Jacqueline and a pet dog, and has nothing to do with the social and cultural background of the place where it is placed.
In Korea, there are installation art works by several famous artists. Among them,’Sambom’, which can be seen in Seoul City Hall Plaza, is the most famous. This work was produced by the world-renowned installation artist Oldenburg and was ordered to commemorate the 1st anniversary of Cheonggyecheon restoration on September 28, 2006. made a huge investment of 3.5 billion won at a height of 20m, and there was strong backlash from the domestic art world at the beginning of the installation. This is because when the Seoul city ordered public interest works, they rejected the Korean artist, and Oldenburg made the work without visiting Seoul (only his colleague, wife Kosha Van Brungen) visited Seoul. ). Therefore, some criticized that it was still doubtful whether Sam would consider Seoul’s narrative and main audience, Cheonggyecheon.
As such, the exhibition space of the work is only an open public space, so there is no additional title of “public”. The theme of the work is directly connected to the place and can be promoted as it contains the story of the local community and the identity of the local community. Groups of void sculptures are ubiquitous and regardless of location, but are used as a means of decoration and city promotion.